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杨安泽每人每月1000美元,钱从哪里来?

已有 600 次阅读2019-7-7 11:05 |个人分类:杨安泽|系统分类:转帖-见闻

发自由红利(UBI)的三兆美元哪里来?或:每人每月1000美元,钱从哪里来?


既然我们华人数学好,杨的竞选口号也是“MATH”,Make America Think Harder, 那我们就来算一下。


每个超过十八岁的美国公民每月1000元,一年1万2千元,这样的人口有2亿5千万,所以一年需要3Trillion美元,三兆。


这三兆哪里来?


首先,一个公民如果选择目前的福利待遇,则不能选择这个1000美元,二选其一。真正算下来,把目前反正要花掉的福利减掉,真正支出的是1.8兆。


第二,大公司,尤其是亚马逊这样靠挤垮实体经济成功的线上公司,由于现在美国税法的照顾,几乎不交税。这些公司,一方面不交税,一方面花钱如流水,争先恐后建造飞船宇宙想要去宇宙航行,而不是脚踏实地回馈社会。他们既然受到制度的照顾,就应该付税供养同样制度下受害的公民。这些税收将以销售增值税(VAT)的方式收入国库。这些税收可达八千亿,所以还有1兆要寻得。值得一提的是,特斯拉创始人伊龙马斯克,脸书创始人马克·扎克伯格等高科技领导人认为这是合理的,他们认为这是迟早要做的事,目前没有做,是没有这样的政策。这也说明,只要做的好,没有那种大公司迁往国外逃税的危险。


第三,所有钱还是会重新消费从而刺激经济发展,估算政府所得可以超过1兆。


第四,其它


具体也看Andrew杨网站的内容如下:


It would be easier than you might think. Andrew proposes funding UBI by consolidating some welfare programs and implementing a Value-Added Tax (VAT) of 10%. Current welfare and social program beneficiaries would be given a choice between their current benefits or $1,000 cash unconditionally – most would prefer cash with no restriction.


A Value-Added Tax (VAT) is a tax on the production of goods or services a business produces. It is a fair tax and it makes it much harder for large corporations, who are experts at hiding profits and income, to avoid paying their fair share. A VAT is nothing new. 160 out of 193 countries in the world already have a Value-Added Tax or something similar, including all of Europe which has an average VAT of 20 percent.


The means to pay for a Universal Basic Income will come from 4 sources:


1.  Current spending.  We currently spend between $500 and $600 billion a year on welfare programs, food stamps, disability and the like.  This reduces the cost of Universal Basic Income because people already receiving benefits would have a choice but would be ineligible to receive the full $1,000 in addition to current benefits.


Additionally, we currently spend over one trillion dollars on health care, incarceration, homelessness services and the like.  We would save $100 – 200+ billion as people would take better care of themselves and avoid the emergency room, jail, and the street and would generally be more functional.  Universal Basic Income would pay for itself by helping people avoid our institutions, which is when our costs shoot up.  Some studies have shown that $1 to a poor parent will result in as much as $7 in cost-savings and economic growth.


2.  A VAT.  Our economy is now incredibly vast at $19 trillion, up $4 trillion in the last 10 years alone.  A VAT at half the European level would generate $800 billion in new revenue.  A VAT will become more and more important as technology improves because you cannot collect income tax from robots or software.


3.  New revenue.  Putting money into the hands of American consumers would grow the economy.  The Roosevelt Institute projected that the economy would grow by approximately $2.5 trillion and create 4.6 million new jobs.  This would generate approximately $800 – 900 billion in new revenue from economic growth and activity.


4.  Taxes on top earners and pollution.  By removing the Social Security cap, implementing a financial transactions tax, and ending the favorable tax treatment for capital gains/carried interest, we can decrease financial speculation while also funding the Freedom Dividend.  We can add to that a carbon fee that will be partially dedicated to funding the Freedom Dividend, making up the remaining balance required to cover the cost of this program.


(Source:=https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/XdcB3oZ6y8Oxsur2QMp8Hw)


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